Huckleberries & Fire, Part Three
Following is the third in a three part article on Huckleberries and Fire by Malcolm Dell aka Mr. Huckleberry
Landscape activities that affect the development of huckleberry patches:
1) Fire suppression activities led to a decline in huckleberry patches across North America in the past century, by disrupting the natural fire frequency, and creating denser stands of smaller trees and less stimulation of the understory.
2) Clearcutting, which can mimic the effects of fire, has fallen out of favor due to poor aesthetics and past overuse (and abuse).
3) Timber harvesting in general is way down on federal lands (due to the environmental quagmire), and that is where most huckleberry stands are found in the western US.
4) Long-term weather patterns (i.e. increased temps and lower rainfall during summer months), combined with fuel buildup – from (3) above – create fires that are now much hotter, with greater risk of sterilizing the soil. Rhizomes and seeds are less likely to survive, and even if they do, can’t always do their thing in a baked soil.
So, how will the 2015 (or any year’s) fires affect future huckleberry crops?
Where (regardless of land ownership):
- The fire occurred in huckleberry habitat – limited to parts of rich forested zones or high elevation subalpine forest habitats, AND
- There was a huck patch or wildlife feces supplying a seed source, or with rhizomatous tissue remaining in the soil, AND
- Those seeds and rhizomes survived the fire, AND
- All or a substantial portion of any conifer overstory was removed by crown fire, AND
- The burned area is not sprayed with herbicides next spring to support tree planting…
You should see a vigorous opportunity in huckleberries in about three to seven years, which should result in fabulous crops during the 2020s, and maybe into the 30s.
And so it is…!
PS Based on research at the University of Montana, you can stimulate individual huckleberry bushes and production in your favorite patch even more, by going out and hand pruning out competing plants around established huck stems. Of course, I didn’t tell you that… just in case the landowner or land management agency does not allow this sort of activity! But I highly recommend it on your own ground, or where you have permission. (And no one sees you in your favorite patch on Zipperlip Mountain…).
Another informative article on subject:
Huckleberry fields benefit from flames: Joint effort between Forest Service, Yakama Tribe aimed at restoring productivity in Gifford Pinchot through controlled burns